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A Pivotal Moment: Global Elections and the Shifting Political Landscape

Updated: 1 day ago

Along with the United Kingdom General Elections on 4th July, a wave of political change is sweeping across nations, reshaping the global landscape. The air is thick with anticipation and uncertainty, as 2024 becomes the year for pivotal elections and makes this a crucial time for all countries.  

South Africa: A Nation at a Crossroads 

The general elections in South Africa on May 29th mark a critical juncture in the nation's political history. For the first time in 30 years of full democracy, the African National Congress (ANC) has lost its majority in the National Assembly. The Democratic Alliance (DA) continues to hold its position as the second largest party in parliament. To maintain power, the ANC will need to form coalitions, with the most probable partners being the MK (uMkhonto weSizwe) and the EFF (Economic Freedom Fighters). However, reaching an agreement about the head of state is expected to be challenging.  

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United States: A Polarized Nation Seeks Unity 

The United States is undergoing significant political shifts and heightened polarisation. The partisan divide has grown wider on crucial issues such as climate change, gun policies, and the role of the federal government. Public dissatisfaction with political candidates is mounting. There is broad public support for political reforms like term limits and the abolition of the Electoral College. Additionally, Donald Trump has made history as the first former or serving U.S. president to be found guilty of a crime and the first presumptive major-party nominee to become a convicted felon, marking an unprecedented era in American politics. 

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India: A Powerhouse in Transition

The results of the Indian election, the largest in history, are in. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has secured enough seats to remain in power. However, his party, the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), has seen a decrease in seats, winning 240 compared to 303 in 2019. The main opposition alliance, INDIA (Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance), performed better than expected. These results indicate a closer contest between the BJP-led NDA and the newly formed INDIA alliance, leading to a period of increased political negotiations and compromises in the next government. 

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European Union: A Crucial Juncture 

The European Union is preparing for pivotal European Parliament elections scheduled for June 6-9, 2024. Polls suggest that right-wing and far-right parties could gain significant ground, potentially securing more than one-fifth of the seats. The outcomes of these elections will impact the selection of the next European Commission president and key commissioners. Key issues such as deeper EU integration versus nationalism and the future direction of the bloc are at stake. These elections are critically important for shaping the EU's policies and global standing for the next five years. 

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France: A Snap Election in a Fractured Political Landscape 

France's President Emmanuel Macron called for snap legislative elections following his centrist alliance's poor performance in the European parliamentary elections, where the far-right National Rally party emerged as the frontrunner. The first round of voting is scheduled for June 30th, and the second round on July 7th, with all 577 seats in the National Assembly up for grabs. This move by Macron is seen as a gamble to regain a parliamentary majority and strengthen his political position, but the outcome remains uncertain in France's fractured political landscape. 

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Other notable events include the G7 summit in Italy in June 2024, the NATO summit in Washington D.C. in July 2024, and the G20 leaders' summit in Brazil in November 2024. Regional elections are also scheduled in Indonesia, including for the Jakarta governorship. 

As the world watches expectantly, it is evident that this moment is a turning point in history. Voters' decisions now have the power to influence the course of nations and the global community for years to come. With unprecedented stakes, the world eagerly awaits the onset of a new political era—one that could either bring about progress and unity or result in deeper division and uncertainty. 

Ditipriya Acharya

Senior Media, Marketing and Communications Officer



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